Working on Communication

This month on the Modern Soccer Coach Worldwide Mentorship Programme we have been looking at communication and how it is an essential tool for any successful coach.

Following on from defining our Coaching Philosophy last month, the communication piece has been both challenging and hugely interesting at the same time.

Communication

Effective Communication

I have always tried to make a conscious effort to think about what I will say to players before a session, and to also about de-brief questions to ensure the players understand the session objectives.

Same applies for match days, I would have a couple of simple points that I want to get across to the players pre-match, then we always de-brief at the end of the game.

Post-game Huddle

What this month has made me more aware of is that there are so many more opportunities to effectively communicate with players. Whether that’s general chit-chat before training, before getting on the bus for match day or even taking 60 seconds before a game to explain clearly to a player what my plan is for him or her in the upcoming game.

Especially with younger players, those informal chats before a training session helps to give an opportunity to better understand the player, see what teams they are watching and generally to engage in football chat together. This in turn helps give me an idea of the type of football they enjoy and which players they may aspire to be like which contributes to my future planning.

Every interaction with a player is equally important and how we handle those opportunities can determine whether players buy in to what you’re trying to do.

Communication on the pitch

Youth Football - Communication

Our first Webinar this month was with Gérard Jones where we looked at “Communication on the pitch”.

Gérard spoke to us about:

  • How to define a game-style
  • Coaching vocabulary
  • Improving player communication
  • Consideration for non-verbal cues

One thing which I found interesting about this discussion was creating Game Calls. A common language between coaches and players that relate to your style of play.

For example, we would often use the cue “Open up” with our players. They understand that this means to open their body shape and look for width on either side of the pitch.

By developing a common language it helps to get your philosophy across and provide clarity for everyone involved.

Communication off the pitch

Communication

Our second webinar was with the excellent Donna Fishter where we discussed off-field communication.

We looked at the concept of “People first”, “Person next” and “Player last”.

Donna spoke about how every human being needs Safety, Mattering and Belonging. By getting to know our players as “People first” and taking time to listen to them it helps give them as sense of purpose and self worth within the group.

“Communication is connection”
Donna Fishter

A simple thing which I took from the webinar was to always speak to the player by name. Consciously make an effort to welcome each individual player to training and on match day by
quite simply using their name.

“They have to buy into you before they listen to what you teach”.

Putting it into practice

Communication is difficult, it can often include having tough conversations which sometimes are easier to avoid than to deal with.

One of the main benefits of the MSC Programme is having a mentor to chat with about your day to day coaching and learning from their experience.

I had a great discussion with my mentor Bobby this month about being clear with players about their roles on match day. This is something I have already been able to put into practice and has been well received by players.


In addition to the content from the MSC Programme this month I have also been reading The Future Coach by Tom Bates which has tied in nicely with the communication theme. A great read, I would highly recommend it!

We’re coming towards to business end of the season so there are plenty of sessions and games to look froward to.

Looking forward to getting into our next topic on the programme for March.

Thanks for reading.

Chris

Defining my Coaching Philosophy

The first task for our Modern Soccer Coach Mentorship Programme is based on defining our Coaching Philosophy.

My Coaching Philosophy

The process of defining a Coaching Philosophy

It’s something I have thought about but never taken the time to actually document what sort of coach I want to be and my coaching influences.

We started with a Webinar on “Designing a Philosophy” with Gary Curneen, the Coach behind the Programme where we discussed how to define a Philosophy and looked at examples.

Notes from "Designing a Coaching Philosophy" Webinar with Gary Curneen

About my Coaching Philosophy

I’ve broken my Philosophy into three areas:

  1. Me, the Coach
  2. Style of Play
  3. Developing the Young Person.
  4. 1. Me, the Coach

    In the first section I have defined who I want to be as a coach, the attributes I want to develop and also look at some of my coaching influences.

    2. Style of play

    Within the Style of Play section I look at the teams and players that influence my desired style of play and then break it down to look at how I want my teams to play in possession, out of possession and in transition.

    Chris Colhoun Coaching Philosophy - Style of Play

    3. Developing Young People

    The final part of my Coaching Philosophy looks at Developing Young People. As a Youth Development Coach I feel it is important to think of more than football and encourage good values and respect in the players I coach.

    To be continued…

    The process of defining my Coaching Philosophy has been interesting and enjoyable. While I have always had a good idea of how I want my teams to play, I have never and actually taken the time to document this.

    I have learnt so much more about my Coaching Philosophy through this process but it has made me realise that while many of my principals will stay the same, my Philosophy will evolve over time.

    Now I have a starting point and will refer back to it on a regular basis but I will continue to develop my coaching style and with it my overall Coaching Philosophy.

    Surround yourself with good people

    Thank you to all the coaches I have spoke to throughout this process. I’ve had a chat with several people based in various parts of the world, many for the first time, and have learnt a lot from our discussions.

    If anyone would like to chat about my Philosophy or coaching in general please feel free to get me on Twitter or drop me an e-mail.

2018 Modern Soccer Coach Mentorship Programme

Modern Soccer Coach LogoI was delighted this week to find out I have been successful in my application for the 2018 Modern Soccer Coach Mentorship Programme.

Here’s what the Programme is all about:

Modern Soccer Coach Worldwide Mentorship program is an exciting new initiative designed to develop young, ambitious coaches and give them access to elite coaches from a different soccer background, who have experience at the highest level. The program is specifically designed where the mentees will get guidance, support, challenges and have the opportunity to bounce career-related ideas off someone they may not have otherwise met.

My Mentor

I have been teamed up with Maryland based coach Bobby Puppione who will be my mentor throughout the program.

Bobby is the former Director at Cincinnati United/ CUP and USSF ‘A’ Licence, a highly experienced coach and I’m looking forward to learning from his experience.

What does the programme involved?

Over the next 6 months I will be working on a 6-month structured programme aimed at providing opportunities to develop my Philosophy and coaching delivery.

I’m really excited for the opportunity and I’m looking forward to getting started!

Defending Session – On Guard (Pressure, Cover, 1v1, 2v2, 4v4

This session from the Irish FA Level One Course is excellent for U11+ ages and is a good introduction to the basic principles of defending.

Defending - On Guard - 1v1, 2v2, 4v4
Defending – On Guard – 1v1, 2v2, 4v4

Session Coaching Points:

The session begins with a 1v1 situation where the defending players aim to delay the attacker as long as possible.

We then progress to a 2v2 scenario where the players must develop an understanding of who should press and then the role of the second defender.

The session can then be finished with a 4v4 activity where we then look at the roles of the 3rd and 4th defender who provide balance and support.

The 2 fundamental coaching points of the session are:

How to press

  • Closest player to the ball applies pressure
  • Body shape – dictate the play
  • Don’t dive in

How to cover

  • Distance from pressing player
  • Angles – no through balls
  • Communication

Who would this benefit?

I like to use this session as an introduction to defending principles, depending on the group it can be used as early as U10/U11.This is also an excellent activity to do with older Youth Teams in order to revisit the basic principles of defending.

Download Session

Click on the image at the top of the post for a JPG or if you prefer you can Download the On Guard Defending Session Plan as a PDF.

Coaching Books for Christmas 2017

I’ve picked up a couple of great coaching books in 2017. Improving my knowledge of the game is one of the most important things I try to do every week.

There is plenty of lessons you can learn from the best coaches in the world and apply to your sessions, even at grassroots level.

Here’s a couple of of my favourite coaching books from this year:

1. No Hunger in Paradise by Mike Calvin

No Hunger in Paradise - Coaching BooksNo Hunger in Paradise - Coaching BooksSportswriter Mike Calvin documents the world of the Academy Setup in England and looks at what it takes to become a professional footballer.

In this book Mike looks at how hard it really is to become a professional footballer, what environment awaits the brightest players and paints a frank picture of how many players ultimately forge a career in the game.

Buy No Hunger In Paradise: The Players. The Journey. The Dream on amazon.co.ukNo Hunger In Paradise: The Players. The Journey. The Dream - Coaching Books

2. The European Game: The Secrets of European Football Success by Daniel Fieldsend

No Hunger In Paradise: The Players. The Journey. The Dream - Coaching BooksNo Hunger In Paradise: The Players. The Journey. The Dream - Coaching Books This is a great concept for a book, football fan turned author Daniel Fieldsend takes a trip around Europe visiting clubs from Lisbon and Bilbao to Amsterdam and Munich.

The book looks at how Europe’s best teams educate their young players and looks at the cultures created in order to consistently compete at the top of the European game.

Buy The European Game: The Secrets of European Football Success on Amazon UKNo Hunger In Paradise: The Players. The Journey. The Dream - Coaching Books

3. Modern Soccer Coach 2017 by Gary Curneen

Modern Soccer Coach 2017 - Coaching BooksModern Soccer Coach 2017 - Coaching Books Originally released in 2014, I’m regularly going back to this book for my weekly session planning.

The book is packed full of really good activities, focusing on everything from warm-ups, transitions, counter-attacking and possession.

Omagh native and good friend Gary Curneen has since published follow up books on Position-Specific TrainingModern Soccer Coach 2017 - Coaching Books and Pre-Season TrainingModern Soccer Coach 2017 - Coaching Books, both also worth a look!

Buy The Modern Soccer Coach 2014: A Four Dimensional Approach on Amazon UKModern Soccer Coach 2017 - Coaching Books

4. Pep Evolution

Pep Evolution - Coaching BooksPep Evolution - Coaching Books The follow up book to Pep ConfidentialPep Evolution - Coaching Books by Marti Perarnau which takes an in-depth look at Pep Guardiola’s tenure at Bayern Munich.

Get an insight into Pep’s philosophy and how it has evolved from his time at Barcelona to his career in Bavaria.

One of my favourite coaches of the modern game, a great character and a master of the game.

Buy Pep Guardiola: The Evolution on Amazon UKPep Evolution - Coaching Books

5. Until Victory Always: A Memoir by Jim McGuinness

Jim McGuinness - Coaching BooksJim McGuinness - Coaching Books Jim McGuiness is currently coaching Football in China with Beijing Sinobo Guoan, he’s come a long way from coaching his Native Donegal to All-Ireland Football success in 2012.

In the book Jim gives an account of how he analysed and ultimately neutralised a great Dublin team with an impressive tactical display.

It caused some controversy when published but from a coaching point of view there are some excellent stories included.

Buy Until Victory Always: A Memoir on Amazon UKJim McGuinness - Coaching Book


I’ve a few books on my reading list for 2018… if you have any recommendations please send them on!

Possession and transitions

Description: This session is designed to focus on passing technique when under pressure. Throughout the session players should be encouraged to be comfortable in possession, to support the player on the ball and to be communicating at all times.

The session will develop to introduce scenarios, the team may be 2-1 ahead and need to see out the final 5 minutes of a game. They should be comfortable in possession on a match day.

Coaching Points:

  • Accurate passing technique
  • Be confident in possession
  • How to support player in possession
  • Control the game – see the game out and do not panic in possession

Warm up – Passing squares (10mins)

Passing Square

Description: Groups of 5 or more, practice basic passing around a square. Repeat for both feet and progress to introduce combinations if necessary.

Rondos (2x3mins with 2mins rest in between)

Description: Within the same passing squares, players form a circle with 1/2 defenders in the middle. Progression from previous activity in order to develop passing technique when under pressure.

Rotate defenders with whoever looses the ball. Work for 3 minutes with 2 minutes rest, then work for a second 3 minutes.

Possession – Transition game (20mins)

Transition Possession

Description: Teams start in their own 15x15m area, coach starts play by passing into either team. The team without the ball must send 2 defenders in to make a 5v2. Team in possession must keep the ball, 5 passes = 1 goal. If defenders intercept the ball they can transfer the ball without pressure. Team who lost possession then repeats.

Progressions:

  • Add pressure – When team looses possession they can now try to re-gain possession before the ball is transfered
  • Limit touches

SSG – Large goal v Target goals

Playing out from the back Small Sided Game
Playing out from the back Small Sided Game

Under 12 three team session

Description: Session designed to work with a large group of players. Approx 18-21.

Warm up – Three Team Skills Challange

Skills Challange Warm up

Technical practice – Three Colour Passing

Three Colour Passing

Progressions – Three colour possession

Three Colour Possession

SSG – Corner Possession

Three Colour Corner Possession

Free play

Free Play - 8v8

Under 12 Playing out from the back

Description: Session to develop understanding of playing out from the back. Session should focus on passing and receiving technique and positioning in and out of possession.

Coaching Points

  • Receiving to play forward – Body Shape (half turn), Scanning, spacial awareness
  • Positioning for kickouts – Use width, spread out
  • Positioning when out of possession – Stay compact, until ball in in keepers hands, then spread out
  • Movement to support

Warm up – Receiving on the half turn

Receiving on the Half Turn Technical Practice
Receiving on the Half Turn Technical Practice

Description: Players in groups of 6-8, split up into two even groups facing each other. To begin, simply take a touch to control and pass to opposite player then follow your pass to join the opposite group.

Work for 3 minutes to allow players to warm up. Can add in dynamic stretching by jogging around the cone to your immediate left. Progress to 1 touch when players are comfortable.

Progressions:

  • 1 player starts in middle, receives on half turn and passes to opposite group, always follow your pass. There should always be one player in the middle
  • 1-2 pass with end player who passes to middle player, receives on the half turn and repeats

https://youtu.be/ttRR1NiG_18

Opposed Practice – Playing out from the back

Playing out from the back technical practice
Playing out from the back technical practice

Playing area: 35mx60m

Description: 7 (plus goalkeeper) v 4 in the main area with 2 target players. Play always starts from the goal keeper, blue’s must spread out and work on their shape for goal kicks. Blue’s aim to get the ball into one of the target players to score a point, target player then switches to the other target who plays back to goal keeper.

If red’s gain possession they must aim to score into large goal.

Progressions:

  • Number of passes before scoring

Link to video

Original session from thecoachingmanual.com

SSG – Playing out from the back

Playing out from the back Small Sided Game
Playing out from the back Small Sided Game

Playing area: 35mx60m

Description: Play now switches around and the blue team attack the large goal.

7v6 (plus goalkeeper) game in the main area in favour of the blues, play starts with the blue server (or coach depending on numbers). Blue’s must play from the server to create goal scoring opportunities.

Blue’s can play back to server to keep possession. If the red’s regain possession then they must aim to score in either of the small target goals.

Throw-ins in play, play restarts from the server.

Progressions:

  • Limit touches
  • Number of passes before scoring

Link to video

Original session from thecoachingmanual.com

Free Play – 8v8

Free Play - 8v8
Free Play – 8v8

Under 12 Passing and Attacking Session

Description:

Session to develop passing and receiving technique. We then introduce players to different 4v4 conditioned games where they have to solve different problems.

Coaching Points:

  • Short passing and receiving
  • Patience in possession
  • Penetration in attack
  • Forward runs, runs into space

Warmup – Technical (Passing) (20mins)

Passing Warm up

Description: Three variations of short passing, slowly lifting the tempo as the warm up goes on. Players should work on developing passing and receive technique, ideally working with 1 or 2 touches maximum.

SSG – Playing against a high line (20mins)

SSG - High Line

Description: This game mimics playing against a team that defends high up the pitch, the team in possession must look to beat the offside trap and either drive into the attacking third or receive a well timed pass.

Once the attacker breaks into the end zone only 1 defender can follow in to defend. As the players get used to the drill add more pressure or regress as required.

Progressions:

  • Add more pressure
  • Remove offside – now all attacking players must be over half way line to score. Helps to develop sense of when to move up the pitch as a unit
  • Add strikers into the end zones, they must receive the ball with their backs to goal and look to set a midfielder for a shot from distance. This can be useful when the attacker is being tightly marked

Rules:

  • Play starts from Goal Keeper who must play into central zone, you can retain possession by going back to keeper unopposed
  • If ball goes out of middle zone simply kick in rather than throw, if ball goes out in either end zone it is goal keepers ball, no corners
  • If you score you keep possession but start from your keeper

Free Play (20mins)

Free Play - 8v8

Under 12 Switching Point of Attack

Description: Building on last week’s WIMPS session we will work on variations of passes and how they can be used to switch the point of attack in a game.

Coaching Points:

  • “Width in attack”
  • When to switch play? (When the game is compact)
  • Types of passes to switch play
  • Using Possession to switch point of attack
    • Warm-up

      Description: Technical warm-up based on ball control, dribbling and turn technique.

      Turn variations:

      • Inside hook
      • Outside hook
      • Cruyff turn
      • Drag Back
      • Insides/toe taps

      Technical – Passing Variations

      Passing Variations

      Description: Activity to develop variations of passes, looking at when to use which pass in a game in order to switch the point of attack.

      Players split into three teams, one team in either end zone with the third team in the middle with a ball. Player in the middle must play a 1-2 with one end player who then plays a long pass to opposite end zone. Middle player then repeats.

      Passing Variations:

      • Punch pass: Using the instep, drive through centre of the ball. Most accurate.
      • Driven pass: Using the laces, knee over the ball and drive through centre of the ball. Most powerful/quickest
      • Curled pass: Using instep, wrap foot around the ball to add spin.
      • Lofted pass: Using laces/instep, strike under the centre of the ball. Can be quick and evade defenders when used appropriately.

      SSG – 2 Goals

      SSG - Wide Play

      Description: Max 6v6, two teams each have two goals to attack. 1 Point for goal in either net. If a team can quickly switch the point of attack and score they will receive 3 points.

      Develop understanding of WIMPS, can we always have someone in support deep and ahead of the ball? Show how to use possession to quickly switch the point of attack as well as various passing techniques.

      Free play